Forex trading made simple – what is a Pip? Join the Academy!

Forex trading made simple – what is a Pip? Join the Academy!

The idea of pips is key in forex trading. It has a significant impact on trading success. In light of this, we’ve put up an overview of what pips are in forex trading. We will also discuss assessing their worth, what pipettes are, and much more.




The pip is one of the basic concepts of forex. Without knowing it, you won’t understand anything in forex. Why? Because it interlinks several other forex terms. Let’s jump straight to the answer.

A pip is the smallest unit by which the value of a currency pair may change. So a pip is the fourth decimal point of a currency conversion rate. A pip stands for “percentage in point” or “price interest point.” It reflects the basic market movement of a currency pair.

Let us take an example. Suppose the EUR/USD pair’s exchange rate climbs from 1.2050 to 1.2065. Then, it will represent a 15 pip difference. Similarly, suppose the EUR/USD pair’s exchange rate falls from 1.2050 to 1.2025. Then, it means a change of 25 pips. A pip change occurs in the fourth decimal point for most currency pairs. For Japanese yen pairs, it is the third decimal point.


Illustration of forex pips

Now you understand what pips are in forex trading. Let’s delve a little deeper and go over them in greater depth.


Assume you’re trading the Euro against the British pound (EUR/GBP). 0.8881 is the bid price, and 0.8884 is the ask price. You anticipate that the Euro will climb versus the pound. So you buy a regular lot of euros for 0.8884 at the requested price.

The ask price is 0.8894, and the bid price is 0.8892 later in the trading day. You sell at 0.8892 as the bid price. You made eight pips. If you funded your account with pounds, you made £80 on the trade.


The spread is the point difference between the bid and ask prices. The spread is how your forex broker earns money. Suppose you buy at the ask price of 0.9714 and sell at the bid price of 0.9711. In this case, the broker maintains the spread (3 pips).

Following a pip, several forex brokers quote prices to one more decimal place. Pipettes are the name given to these pip divisions. Pipettes provide more pricing and spread flexibility. I’ll explain pipettes in detail later.

Further reading


Knowing about forex pips is great. But how do you calculate them? Trust me; it’s not like solving an algebraic quotation. Let me tell you how it’s done!

how-to calculate-for-pips

The value of each pip reflects the gain or loss a pip movement generates. Each pip’s worth depends on the following factors:

  • The trading currency.
  • The size of the trade.

Even a single pip change can affect the value of the open position. For a four-decimal currency pair, the pip value calculation will be as follows: (0.0001 x trade amount) / spot price = pip value.

Consider the following example: Assume a $300,000 trade-in for the USD/CAD pair completes at 1.0568, after gaining 20 pips. Calculate the profit in US dollars by completing the three procedures below:

Step 1: Determine the number of quoted currency units each pip represents

Multiply the trade value by one pip:

30 CAD per pip = 300,000 x 0.0001.

Step 2: Determine the amount of base currency (USD) per pip

Divide the number of CAD per pip (from step 1) by the closing exchange rate:

30/1.0568 = 28.39 USD/pip

Step 3: Determine the trade’s overall profit or loss

Multiply the number of pips acquired by the value of each pip in USD

20 (gained pips) x 28.39 = $567.80 USD profit

Here’s another calculation: The USD/CAD is trading at 1.0570, and the trader opens a $10,000 long position. The USD/CAD exchange rate falls to 1.0540. In this case, one pip represents a 0.0001 movement.

As a result, the trader has lost 30 pips. Because (1.0570 – 1.0540) = 0.0030, which is equal to 30 pips). The USD pip value is (0.0001 x 10,000) / 1.0540 = $0.94. The trader lost 30 x $0.94 = $28.20 in this scenario.

If you don’t want to do the calculation manually, you can do it through a calculator. Surprise, surprise! Yeah, there is a pip calculator that can do everything for you. There are many pip calculators out there.

You can also use pip calculator.  After you’ve chosen the account currency and trade size. The calculator will determine the pip value with current market rates.

Further reading


So now you know what a pip is and how you can calculate it. Let’s move into some examples of forex pips. With these examples, everything will become clear. So, let’s start!


The following are some examples of different currency pairs.

Example 1

Let us examine the EUR/USD currency pair. If the market goes from 1.1600 to 1.1601, a 0.0001 rise equals one pip. If you had placed a long trade on EUR/USD, the market went from 1.1600 to 1.1650. You would have benefitted by 50 pips.

Example 2

You buy 10,000 Australian dollars (AUD/USD) at 1.10550. Every pip rise in your favor earns you $1. You would profit $10 if you sold at 1.10650 (a 10-pip increase). If the initial conditions were the same, but you sold at 1.10450. A ten-pip decline would equal a $10 loss.

Example 3

Pips are defined differently for currency pairs involving the Japanese yen. A pip is at the second decimal point in these pairs. Take the USDJPY as an example. The pair is trading at 110.40 and rises to 110.90.

The US dollar will have gained 50 points versus the Japanese yen. Similarly, a drop from 110.40 to 110.05 implies a 35-pip decline.

Example 4

A trader opens a long position in CHF/USD at 1.5000. If it goes to 1.5040, the trader will profit. The price has shifted 40 pips in the trader’s favor. It leads to profit if the trade is closed.

Now, suppose a trader gets long on CHF/USD at 1.5000. And the exchange rate has fallen to 1.4960. The price has moved 40 pips in the trader’s direction. It leads to loss if the trade is closed.

Example 5

Let’s suppose the EUR rises in value relative to the USD. A trader who buys the EUR/USD will profit. The trader bought the Euro at 1.1835 and exited at 1.1901. They would profit from the deal by 1.1901 – 1.1835 = 66 pips.

Further reading


Besides forex pips, there is one other concept you need to understand. It’s what we call a pipette. It is a fraction of a pip. Let’s find out a bit more about the pipette.


A pipette is a fraction of a pip. It represents 1/10 of a pip. In all forex pairs, it’s the 5th decimal point. In the JPY pairs, it is the 3rd decimal point. Let’s explain this with an example: Say EUR/USD is trading at 1.15001. The price rises from 1.15001 to 1.15003. Can you take a guess, how many pipettes rise?

Shout-out to those who say two pipettes. Here, the fifth decimal point signifies several pipettes in our example. Let’s give another example, this time using a JPY pair. Say USD/JPY is trading at 124.303. The pair loses some ground and falls to 124.300. Can you take a guess? USD/JPY lost three pipettes in our example. So, that’s the concept of a pipette in forex.


The quick question is, “What’s the difference between a pip and a pipette”? It will only take a minute, as I have explained everything above. A pip illustrates the movement of the fourth decimal point in a forex pair. On the other hand, a pipette tells the movement of the fifth decimal point in a forex pair.

The pipette represents a fractional pip equal to 1/10 of a pip. Here you need to remember one thing. A pip is the movement of the second decimal point in a JPY pair. Conversely, a pipette changes the third decimal point in a JPY pair. That’s all! See, I told you it’d only take a minute.

Further reading


Here’s another piece of trading jargon people often confuse with a pip. I’m talking about a tick. A tick is similar to pip, but it depends on the market situation. Let’s find out the difference between the two.


A tick signifies the difference between the current and most recent market prices. In other words, a tick shows how much a market has moved in a certain period. A tick, unlike a pip, is not a fixed quantity and varies in real-time and depends on the market situation. In a highly liquid market, a tick may represent a single pip.

While, in an illiquid market, it may represent a price fluctuation of 30 pips. Ticks often represent movement in the stocks and commodities markets rather than a forex pair. The tick size of gold futures is 0.10. The tick size of the S&P 500 E-Mini is 0.25, and the tick size of crude oil is 0.01.

Further reading


Here’s another item of trading jargon that people link with pips. I’m talking about our protagonist for this section; bps. It represents a basis point in terms of interest rates. Let’s compare bps and pips.

A pip is equal to one basis point or 1/100 of one percent. For example, the lowest possible move for the USD/CAD currency pair is $0.0001, or one basis point. You can calculate the bps the same way as pip.

The only difference is bps shows results as percentages. Bond yields and interest rates do affect forex pairs, especially forex majors. Many use basis points rather than pips to gauge price movements when discussing bond yields or interest rates.

A basis point is equal to 0.01 percent. So, if you bought 10-year US government bonds at a 0.15 percent yield, you would save 15 basis points. So, that’s how pips and bps interlink.

Further reading


How much is a forex pip worth?

A forex pip’s worth varies according to the forex lot size. There are three lot sizes; micro, mini, and standard. A micro lot is worth $0.10, mini $1, and standard $10. So if you take a standard lot, each pip movement will represent a $10 move.

How many pips can you get daily?

The amount of pips you can get daily depends on your analysis and the overall market conditions. Some days you can get 100 pips in a single day, and some days you can lose 100 pips.

What is a pip calculator?

A pip calculator presents the pip value according to your position size. pip calculator is one of the best, and it automates the whole process, so you don’t have to do it manually.

What are pips in stock trading?

Usually, pips don’t have to do anything in stock trading. The prices of stocks don’t have a low value as the forex pairs and pips don’t fit in here. A pip move is impossible in stocks in some cases.

What are pips in crypto?

Pips function the same way in crypto markets as in forex. It represents the change in the fourth decimal point of the coin. Most cryptos trade at the dollar level, so a pip movement represents the price change.


Pip is one of the most important forex terms. As you have read, it interlinks with every other concept of forex. So, it’s important to grasp what pip means in forex as a trader. I hope you know what pip is and how it works in forex.

Further reading